Global Status of CCS: 2018 - CCS vital lifeline to beat climate change

Dec 12 2018

Carbon capture and storage is a vital lifeline to beat climate change, a raft of international ambassadors say in a major report released at the United Nation’s 24th Conference of Parties (COP24).

In 2018, according to the Global CCS Institute CO2RE database, there are 23 large-scale CCS facilities in operation or under construction, capturing almost 40 Mtpa of CO2. A further 28 pilot and demonstration-scale facilities are in operation or under construction. Collectively, these capture more than 3 Mtpa of CO2.
Speaking at the launch in Katowice, Poland, the Global CCS Institute said the world is way-off in meeting Paris targets and CCS must be deployed alongside other clean technologies if continued meteorological uncertainty is to be avoided.
“I think it is likely that when we look back in a few years, 2018 may well go down as the year when the stars started to again align for CC,” said Global CCS Institute Chief Executive Officer, Brad Page.
“In this past year, and for the first time in quite a long time, we have seen decisive action from a number of governments to include CCS in their armoury.”
Grantham Institute Chair, Lord Nicholas Stern, said more and more people are seeing the practicality and importance in deploying CCS as the one technology proven to decarbonize “difficult” sectors such as cement and steel and “locked-in” fossil fuel-based infrastructure.
“Another refreshing development has been the capacity for the private sector, mayors, multinationals, even the media, to start putting their weight behind the technology.”
Mr Page said there is now a wealth of evidence to support the need for CCS – from the IEA to the IPCC.
“The IPCC’S 1.5°C report reinforces the role which carbon capture and technology must play in beating climate change. Significantly, it references CCS in three of the four pathways used to reach 1.5°C and is singled out for its ability to play a major role in decarbonizing the high emitting industrial sector.”
Mr Page said it was important that everyone working across the climate and energy spheres acknowledged - as the IPCC does - that all clean technologies are necessary.
“It is now irrefutable that Paris targets can only be achieved by embracing a complete cache of clean solutions – of which CCS must be one.”
Fatih Birol, Executive Director of the International Energy Agency, pointed out that the IEA has highlighted that as much as 450 Mt of CO2 could be captured, utilised and stored globally with a commercial incentive as low as US$40 per tonne of CO2.
A video by the International Brotherhood of Boilermakers made the case that CCS is central to delivering well-paying jobs, reinvigorating regional communities and providing low-carbon materials and services.
The report says that, significantly, policy confidence has started to materialise.
In the United States a bi-partisan law – the FUTURE Act – was enacted reinvigorating section 45Q tax credits for investment in Carbon Capture Utilisation and Storage (CCUS). This was a significant win for the stimulation of new CCUS projects across the United States and addressed the importance of introducing what is essentially a carbon value to drive investment in energy security and emissions reductions. 
In the United Kingdom, Minister of State for Energy and Clean Growth, the Rt Hon Claire Perry, established a dedicated CCUS Council to examine ways of returning the UK to a CCS leadership position as a central plank of the Clean Growth Strategy. I have the honour of sitting on the Council and in a short time the Council and the related Cost Challenge Taskforce have clearly identified the huge clean growth opportunities available to the UK if full-scale industrial hub and cluster projects, which draw on the North Sea’s vast storage capacity, are progressed. 
In China, where no less than 30 different facilities advanced into various stages of development during the year, commitment to this technology is fast-growing as national, regional and municipal governments embrace CCS and make it part of their long term strategic plans. 
Norway and the Netherlands saw Governments recommit to CCS and project proponents are responding. The Norwegian government has committed to advance its large-scale full chain industry-based CCS development and the Port of Rotterdam CCS Backbone Initiative has embarked on the large-scale decarbonisation of refining, power and petrochemical clusters.
“As coal as a fuel source grabs headlines and prompts hot debate, we need to remember that more than 200,000 MW of new coal-fired generation capacity is in construction around the world, none of which will close in a short period and all of which will add very significantly to the climate change challenge,” said Mr Page.
“CCS is the only technology that can truly decarbonise these facilities and remains a vital technology for addressing electricity sector emissions. But the big message now is that CCS is the conduit to a new energy economy.”

Some key quotes from the Global Status of CCS: 2018:

  • Fatih Birol, Executive Director of the International Energy Agency: “The IEA has highlighted that as much as 450 Mt of CO2 could be captured, utilised and stored globally with a commercial incentive as low as US$40 per tonne of CO2.”
  • Professor Wallace Smith Broecker, father of the phrase “global warming”: “The no-brainer is to funnel CO2to a place where the sun doesn’t shine, deep below ground; the simple, proven process of carbon capture and storage.”
  • Senator John William Warner, former Secretary of the US Navy (former sponsor of the Lieberman-Warner climate bill): “Climate change is one of the most dangerous security threats of our time. Carbon capture and storage certainly plays an important role in delivering deep emissions cuts to prevent global warming.”
  • Archbishop Serafim Kykotis, Greek Orthodox Patriarch and head of the Department of Climate Crisis and Sustainable Development Goals of the UN: “Proven by science, commercial application and common sense, CCS must form a vital part in our climate change response. We need to look at every solution. All beliefs are legitimate.”
  • Paul Atkins, Award Winning Cinematographer (Master and Commander, The Tree of Life): “Carbon can be re-imagined as resource, mined from the sky or industrial sources and sequestered or turned into carbon products.”
  • Newton B Jones International President of the International Brotherhood of Boilermakers: “The opportunities for CO2 mitigation, job creation and economic growth surrounding CCS globally are staggering.”
  • US Senator for North Dakota, Heidi Heitkamp: “2018 has become the year of actions on Carbon Capture Utilisation and Storage.”
  • Dr Niall Mac Dowell, Leader of the Clean Fossil and Bioenergy Research Group, Imperial College, London:“CCS doesn’t so much cost money as make money!”
  • Barney Swan, International Director, ClimateForce: “Connecting both the corporate world and everyday people to projects like CCS will spread awareness to investors, managers and the public.”
  • Ben Houchen, Mayor of Tees Valley, UK: “The delivery of CCS can facilitate a revolution in clean transport and in the way many people heat their homes without significant changes to existing road, rail and gas infrastructure.”

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Issue 68 - Mar - Apr 2019

CCUS in the U.S. - Section 45Q Tax Credits explained .. ROTA-CAP rotating bed carbon capture process .. BIGs: environmentally friendly sorbents .. Pi-CO2: Cost-Efficient Aqueous Carbon Capture .. National Carbon Capture Center celebrates ten years op.....

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